What Percentage of the World Are Vegan?

Veganism has been on the rise in recent years, with more and more people embracing this plant-based lifestyle. But just how many individuals around the world consider themselves vegans? Let’s explore the statistics and shed light on what percentage of the global population identifies as vegan.

1. Global Vegan Population Overview

The vegan movement has gained momentum globally, and while it’s hard to pinpoint an exact number, estimates suggest that approximately 3% of the world’s population is vegan. This amounts to tens of millions of individuals who have chosen to eliminate animal products from their diets and often their lifestyles. However, it’s important to note that veganism’s popularity can vary significantly across countries and regions.

2. Regional Variations in Veganism

Veganism tends to be more prevalent in some areas compared to others. Let’s take a closer look at a few regions and their respective vegan populations:


  • Europe boasts the highest percentage of vegans globally.
  • According to research, countries like Sweden, Germany, and the United Kingdom have a more significant percentage of their populations following a vegan lifestyle, ranging from 3% to 6%.
  • This can be attributed to several factors, such as cultural influences, environmental concerns, and widespread access to vegan-friendly options.

North America

  • In North America, the United States has seen a steady increase in the number of vegans.
  • Estimates suggest that approximately 2 to 3% of Americans identify as vegans, which translates to around 6 to 9 million people.
  • The popularity of veganism in the United States can be attributed to health consciousness, animal welfare concerns, and the availability of plant-based alternatives.


  • While veganism may not be as widespread in Asia as in other regions, it is steadily gaining momentum.
  • Countries like India, for example, have a long-standing tradition of vegetarianism, and veganism is becoming more popular within certain communities.
  • The percentage of vegans in Asian countries ranges from 1% to 3%, with the exact numbers varying across different nations.

3. Factors Influencing Veganism

Several factors play a significant role in the decision to adopt a vegan lifestyle. Some of the key factors influencing the rise of veganism worldwide include:

  1. Health Concerns: Many people choose veganism for health-related reasons, aiming to improve their overall well-being by embracing a plant-based diet.
  2. Environmental Impact: Growing awareness of the environmental consequences of animal agriculture has led individuals to opt for a vegan lifestyle to reduce their carbon footprint.
  3. Animal Welfare: Concern for animal rights and ethical treatment is a compelling reason for many individuals to transition to veganism, as they seek to minimize animal exploitation and cruelty.
  4. Availability of Vegan Alternatives: The increased availability and variety of vegan food products, from plant-based meats to dairy-free alternatives, have made it easier for people to adopt and maintain a vegan lifestyle.

4. Challenges and Misconceptions

While veganism has gained considerable popularity, it still faces challenges and misconceptions that impact its growth. Some common obstacles encountered by those pursuing a vegan lifestyle include:

  • Social Pressures: Many individuals find it difficult to navigate social situations where non-vegan food is often the norm, which can lead to feelings of isolation or exclusion.
  • Nutritional Concerns: Maintaining a well-balanced vegan diet requires careful planning to ensure adequate intake of essential nutrients like protein, iron, and vitamin B12. Some individuals may face challenges in meeting these requirements.
  • Expense: Vegan alternatives can sometimes be more expensive than their animal-based counterparts, making it less accessible for individuals with lower incomes.

5. The Future of Veganism

As the world becomes more conscious of sustainability, health, and ethical considerations, veganism is likely to continue its growth. The continually expanding range of vegan options, coupled with increased awareness and understanding, suggests that the percentage of vegans worldwide will continue to rise in the years to come.

In conclusion, while the exact percentage of the world’s population that identifies as vegan may vary, it is safe to say that veganism is gaining traction globally. With diverse reasons motivating people to adopt a plant-based lifestyle, the future of veganism appears promising.