Are Rastafarians Vegan?

Yes, Rastafarians follow a predominantly vegan lifestyle as part of their religious beliefs.

The Rastafari Movement

The Rastafari movement originated in Jamaica during the 1930s and is a religious and cultural movement that emphasizes African heritage, social justice, and the worship of Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia. Rastafarians follow a set of dietary guidelines known as Ital, which promotes a natural and holistic way of living, including a vegan diet.

The term “Ital” is derived from the word “vital” and represents a way of life that is pure, clean, and focused on health and spirituality. It is believed that consuming plant-based foods helps to purify the body, mind, and spirit, enabling individuals to connect with their inner selves and the divine. Vegans within the Rastafari movement are often referred to as “I-talians.”

Reasons for Veganism in Rastafarianism

There are several reasons why Rastafarians choose to follow a vegan lifestyle:

  • Spiritual Beliefs: Rastafarians view animals as sacred creatures and believe in the principle of “Livity,” which promotes respect and compassion for all living beings. By avoiding the consumption of animal products, they strive to maintain a peaceful and harmonious relationship with nature.
  • Health Benefits: The Rastafari movement encourages a diet that is free from processed, chemically-altered, and genetically modified foods. By consuming fresh fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains, Rastafarians believe they can achieve optimal physical and mental well-being.
  • African Identity: Rastafarians promote African identity and cultural pride. By adopting a vegan diet, they reject the influence of Western dietary practices and seek to honor their African heritage by consuming foods that are considered more traditional and in line with their ancestral roots.

Ital Diet Guidelines

The Ital diet is characterized by its simplicity and emphasis on natural, unprocessed foods. While it may vary among individuals, the following guidelines are commonly adhered to:

  • Avoidance of meat, fish, dairy products, and eggs
  • Consumption of organic, locally sourced fruits and vegetables
  • Preference for whole grains such as brown rice and whole wheat bread
  • Inclusion of legumes, nuts, and seeds for protein
  • Use of natural sweeteners like agave or maple syrup instead of refined sugar

By following these guidelines, Rastafarians aim to nourish their bodies with natural, unadulterated foods that support their physical and spiritual well-being.

Respecting Individual Choices

While the majority of Rastafarians adhere to a vegan lifestyle, it is important to note that not all individuals within the movement follow strict veganism. Some may include small amounts of dairy or honey in their diet, while others may choose to be vegetarian instead. The consciousness and commitment to natural living vary among individuals, and it is essential to respect each person’s dietary choices within the Rastafari community.


In conclusion, Rastafarians generally align themselves with a vegan lifestyle as a means of honoring their spiritual beliefs, promoting health and wellness, and connecting with their African heritage. The Ital diet serves as a way to create harmony with nature, respecting all living beings, and embracing a more natural way of living. However, it is important to acknowledge the diversity of beliefs and individual choices within the Rastafari community when it comes to dietary practices.